Prostate Cancer Meaning
The prostate gland is located beneath the urinary bladder and carries out semen production. Prostate cancer occurs when prostate cells experience abnormal growth, causing lump formation which intrudes into surrounding tissues such as the seminal vesicles and bladder neck.
Prostate cancer will pose a significant risk when it spreads through the lymphatic system and reach other parts of the organs such as the lungs. It can also propagate to lymph glands in the pelvis or to the backbone.
Prostate cancer is the third most common cancer in men in Singapore.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
- Age : Older men are at higher risk of getting cancer. 6 in 10 prostate cancer are found in men age > 65. Your risk increases greatly after the age of 50.
- Family History: Your chance of getting prostate cancer is higher if any of your male relatives have it
- Smokers are at higher risk of getting cancer:
- Diet : diet high in animal fat and low in fibre increase risk of prostate cancer
Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms
- Difficulty in urinating
- Blood in urine or semen
- Back pain
- Weakness or swelling of the lower limbs
- Tiredness and weight loss
- Lumps on the prostate gland detected during physical examination by a doctor
Unfortunately, there is a lack of evidence to support population based prostate cancer screening Singapore.
However if you are experiencing any urinary problems - please see your doctor for an examination.
By : Dr Chen Yiming
Family Physician, MBBS (Singapore), GDFM (NUS), GDFP Dermatology (NUS)