Triglyceride is a type of fat within our body and blood stream.
The excess food and calories that we consume is converted into triglyceride which is then stored within our body organs and fat tissues.
When we require extra energy, these triglyceride will be mobilised for utilization.
However when there is an excess of triglyceride which we are not burning off - these excess fat will then be stored within our body.
High carbohydrate food leads to higher triglyceride storage.
What is different between triglyceride and cholesterol?
Triglycerides are formed from calories and provide energy - their levels in our blood are highly affected by our diet.
Cholesterol are needed for cell and hormone growth - their levels in our blood are relatively stable and not affected very much by our diet.
Why are high levels of triglycerides harmful to the body?
- Blockage to the blood vessels (atherosclerosis)
- Increase in heart related diseases
- Closely associated with obesity, high BP, diabetes
How to interpret my levels during a blood test?
Normal: Less than 150 mg/dL (1.70 mmol/L)
Borderline high: 150-199 mg/dL (1.70-2.25 mmol/L)
High: 200-499 mg/dL (2.26-5.63 mmol/L)
How to keep levels in check
- Eat more fruits, lean meat, fish and vegetables.
- Avoid high carbohydrate foods such as desserts, sugary food, deep fried or fatty dishes.
- Exercise regularly, at least 150 mins a week
- Quit Smoking
Medications and supplements that maybe used
- Statins, Fibrates, Omega 3 rich pills, Nacin, Red yeast rice extract (all to be guided and advised upon by trained health professionals)
Word of advice :
It is important to receive health screening regularly so that early detection of any abnormalities with triglycerides levels can be flagged out early.
By : Alvin Ho
B (Eng), MBA, Certified Allied Healthcare/Fitness Professional (EIMS), Master Fitness Trainer / Fitness Nutrition, Resistance & Endurance Training Specialist (NFPT)